Following the fundamentals of Sunni Islam, TJ claims no beliefs exclusive to them. Although, TJ itself is deeply imbued in ethos that permeate the Deobandi sub-school of the Hanafi Islam, the scope of their activities is not limited to the Deobandi community. Every member is allowed to follow his own fiqh as long as it does not deviate from Sunni Islam.
Tablighi Jamaat defines its objective with reference to the concept of Da'wa which literally means 'to call' connotes to an invitation to act. In religious context, it implies to a call towards prayer which may also refer to a 'mission' if used in reference with religious prophets and other people who were assigned such mission. TJ interprets Da'wa as 'enjoining good and forbiddin evil' and defines its objective within the framework of two particular Quranic verses which refer to this mission. Those two verses are:
"And who speaks better than he who calls to Allah while he himself does good, and says: I am surely of those who submit?" [Qur'an 41:33]
The only objective of TJ, overtly stated in most sermons, is that Muslims adopt and invite for the Islamic lifestyle, exemplified by Islamic prophet Muhammad, in its perfection. They encourage Muslims to spend time out of their daily routine in the tablighi activities so that the rest of routine could be harmonized with Islamic lifestyle. They insist that the best way of learning is teaching and encouraging others."Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong. They are the ones to attain felicity."[Qur'an 3:104]
Six PrinciplesMuhammad Ilyas devoted to what he described as “the mission of the prophets”. The method adopted by him was simple. It was to organize units (called jamaats, Arabic: جماعتِ meaning Assembly) of at least ten persons and send them to various villages. This unit jamaat, would visit a village, invite the local Muslims to assemble in the mosque and present their message in the form of Six Principles. Muhammad Ilyas articulated six demands in the form of Six Principles which are quintessential to TJ's teachings. These six principles are:
- "Kalimah: An article of faith in which the tabligh accepts that there is no god but Allah and the Prophet Muhammad is His messenger.
- Salah: Five daily prayers that are essential to spiritual elevation, piety, and a life free from the ills of the material world.
- Ilm and Dhikr: The knowledge and remembrance of Allah conducted in sessions in which the congregation listens to preaching by the emir, performs prayers, recites the Quran and reads Hadith.
- Ikram-i-Muslim: The treatment of humans with honor and deference.
- Ikhlas-i-Niyyat: Reforming one’s life in supplication to Allah by performing every human action for the sake of Allah and toward the goal of self-transformation.
- Tafrigh-i-Waqt: The sparing of time to live a life based on faith and learning its virtues, following in the footsteps of the Prophet, and taking His message door-to-door for the sake of faith."